The West Cemetery

The West Cemetery

The West Cemetery extended outside the monumental West Gate along either side of the important road which, as an extension of the decumanus maximus, led to the western harbor of Komaros. It was impressive both in size and number of mausoleums, some of which Donaldson had produced architectural drawings of. To date, only a small part of this cemetery has been excavated.

Only a few meters from the gate there are three mausoleums preserved to a considerable height, though looted long ago. They are chamber mausoleums, with a nearly square or rectangular ground plan. Fragments of marble sarcophagi with extraordinary relief decoration (flowers, cupids, garlands, satyrs) found in the region of the cemetery certainly came from its mausoleums. In contact with the wall and on either side of the cemetery road, more than 160 tombs—individual or in groups—were excavated. They were especially well-finished cist tombs as well as porous sarcophagi and chests that held cinerary urns. Frequently, tombs were built one on top of another to save space; large family cist tombs hosted up to thirteen deceased. These tombs date from the first half of the 2nd to the early 4th century AD.

In the westernmost part of the cemetery at a distance of about 300 meters from the Ionian Sea, two large rectangular rooms arranged in parallel to one another (fig. no. 11a-b). They were built in the mixed system, and that further west had four interior niches on each of its long sides. To the south and in contact with the west room, part of a third room opened. Due to its proximity to the sea, this complex was probably connected with commercial activities.


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