DO YOU KNOW …
the theater of Nicopolis is located on the southern slopes of the sacred hill of Apollo, just below the Trophy of the victory of Actium. Although it has suffered major damage in the past, it retains its main parts: the auditorium , the orchestra and the stage building.
The lower CAVEA (auditorium, the area for the spectators) rests on the natural slope of the hill, while the upper one on a stone substructure of three VAULTED CORRIDORS. It had stone seats, only a few of which are preserved, some with the name of their owner carved on them.
A PORTICO surrounded the auditorium on its upper perimeter. On its outer wall were adjusted wooden poles, to which an AWNING (velum) spread over the auditorium to protect the spectators from the sun or rain was fastened.
The floor of the semicircular ORCHESTRA (actors’ area) was paved in rectangular stone and marble slabs. On two of these there were once inserted metal letters forming a greek INSCRIPTION.
The STAGE BUILDING (scaenae), part of which is maintained up to 9 m high, was two-storey and had a prominent colonnade on its front (scaenae frons), decorated with marble sculptures.
Five ENTRANCES ensured the movement of spectators: three were situated at the back wall of the auditorium (vomitoriae) and two at the right and left of the stage (aditi maximi), respectively.
The theater was built by Octavian in the 1st century AD, but it took its final form in the first half of the 2nd century AD.
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